An implementation of Unix dc and POSIX bc with GNU and BSD extensions
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/*
* *****************************************************************************
*
* Copyright (c) 2018-2019 Gavin D. Howard and contributors.
*
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
*
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this
* list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
*
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
* this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
* and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
* AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
* LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
* CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
* SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
* INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
* CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
* ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
* POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*
* *****************************************************************************
*
* Definitions for bc.
*
*/
#ifndef BC_BC_H
#define BC_BC_H
#if BC_ENABLED
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <status.h>
#include <lex.h>
#include <parse.h>
int bc_main(int argc, char **argv);
extern const char bc_help[];
extern const char bc_lib[];
extern const char* bc_lib_name;
#if BC_ENABLE_EXTRA_MATH
extern const char bc_lib2[];
extern const char* bc_lib2_name;
#endif // BC_ENABLE_EXTRA_MATH
typedef struct BcLexKeyword {
uchar data;
const char name[9];
} BcLexKeyword;
#define BC_LEX_CHAR_MSB(bit) ((bit) << (CHAR_BIT - 1))
#define BC_LEX_KW_POSIX(kw) ((kw)->data & (BC_LEX_CHAR_MSB(1)))
#define BC_LEX_KW_LEN(kw) ((size_t) ((kw)->data & ~(BC_LEX_CHAR_MSB(1))))
#define BC_LEX_KW_ENTRY(a, b, c) \
{ .data = ((b) & ~(BC_LEX_CHAR_MSB(1))) | BC_LEX_CHAR_MSB(c), .name = a }
extern const BcLexKeyword bc_lex_kws[];
extern const size_t bc_lex_kws_len;
BcStatus bc_lex_token(BcLex *l);
#define BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG_PTR(p) ((uint16_t*) bc_vec_top(&(p)->flags))
#define BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG(p) (*(BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG_PTR(p)))
#define BC_PARSE_FLAG_BRACE (UINTMAX_C(1)<<0)
#define BC_PARSE_BRACE(p) (BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG(p) & BC_PARSE_FLAG_BRACE)
#define BC_PARSE_FLAG_FUNC_INNER (UINTMAX_C(1)<<1)
#define BC_PARSE_FUNC_INNER(p) (BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG(p) & BC_PARSE_FLAG_FUNC_INNER)
#define BC_PARSE_FLAG_FUNC (UINTMAX_C(1)<<2)
#define BC_PARSE_FUNC(p) (BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG(p) & BC_PARSE_FLAG_FUNC)
#define BC_PARSE_FLAG_BODY (UINTMAX_C(1)<<3)
#define BC_PARSE_BODY(p) (BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG(p) & BC_PARSE_FLAG_BODY)
#define BC_PARSE_FLAG_LOOP (UINTMAX_C(1)<<4)
#define BC_PARSE_LOOP(p) (BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG(p) & BC_PARSE_FLAG_LOOP)
#define BC_PARSE_FLAG_LOOP_INNER (UINTMAX_C(1)<<5)
#define BC_PARSE_LOOP_INNER(p) (BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG(p) & BC_PARSE_FLAG_LOOP_INNER)
#define BC_PARSE_FLAG_IF (UINTMAX_C(1)<<6)
#define BC_PARSE_IF(p) (BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG(p) & BC_PARSE_FLAG_IF)
#define BC_PARSE_FLAG_ELSE (UINTMAX_C(1)<<7)
#define BC_PARSE_ELSE(p) (BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG(p) & BC_PARSE_FLAG_ELSE)
#define BC_PARSE_FLAG_IF_END (UINTMAX_C(1)<<8)
#define BC_PARSE_IF_END(p) (BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG(p) & BC_PARSE_FLAG_IF_END)
#define BC_PARSE_NO_EXEC(p) ((p)->flags.len != 1 || BC_PARSE_TOP_FLAG(p) != 0)
#define BC_PARSE_DELIMITER(t) \
((t) == BC_LEX_SCOLON || (t) == BC_LEX_NLINE || (t) == BC_LEX_EOF)
#define BC_PARSE_BLOCK_STMT(f) \
((f) & (BC_PARSE_FLAG_ELSE | BC_PARSE_FLAG_LOOP_INNER))
#define BC_PARSE_OP(p, l) (((p) & ~(BC_LEX_CHAR_MSB(1))) | (BC_LEX_CHAR_MSB(l)))
#define BC_PARSE_OP_DATA(t) bc_parse_ops[((t) - BC_LEX_OP_INC)]
#define BC_PARSE_OP_LEFT(op) (BC_PARSE_OP_DATA(op) & BC_LEX_CHAR_MSB(1))
#define BC_PARSE_OP_PREC(op) (BC_PARSE_OP_DATA(op) & ~(BC_LEX_CHAR_MSB(1)))
#define BC_PARSE_EXPR_ENTRY(e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6, e7, e8) \
((UINTMAX_C(e1) << 7) | (UINTMAX_C(e2) << 6) | (UINTMAX_C(e3) << 5) | \
(UINTMAX_C(e4) << 4) | (UINTMAX_C(e5) << 3) | (UINTMAX_C(e6) << 2) | \
(UINTMAX_C(e7) << 1) | (UINTMAX_C(e8) << 0))
#define BC_PARSE_EXPR(i) \
(bc_parse_exprs[(((i) & (uchar) ~(0x07)) >> 3)] & (1 << (7 - ((i) & 0x07))))
#define BC_PARSE_TOP_OP(p) (*((BcLexType*) bc_vec_top(&(p)->ops)))
#define BC_PARSE_LEAF(prev, bin_last, rparen) \
(!(bin_last) && ((rparen) || bc_parse_inst_isLeaf(prev)))
#define BC_PARSE_INST_VAR(t) \
((t) >= BC_INST_VAR && (t) <= BC_INST_SCALE && (t) != BC_INST_ARRAY)
#define BC_PARSE_PREV_PREFIX(p) \
((p) >= BC_INST_INC_PRE && (p) <= BC_INST_BOOL_NOT)
#define BC_PARSE_OP_PREFIX(t) ((t) == BC_LEX_OP_BOOL_NOT || (t) == BC_LEX_NEG)
// We can calculate the conversion between tokens and exprs by subtracting the
// position of the first operator in the lex enum and adding the position of
// the first in the expr enum. Note: This only works for binary operators.
#define BC_PARSE_TOKEN_INST(t) ((uchar) ((t) - BC_LEX_NEG + BC_INST_NEG))
BcStatus bc_parse_expr(BcParse *p, uint8_t flags);
BcStatus bc_parse_parse(BcParse *p);
BcStatus bc_parse_expr_status(BcParse *p, uint8_t flags, BcParseNext next);
// This is necessary to clear up for if statements at the end of files.
void bc_parse_noElse(BcParse *p);
#if BC_ENABLE_SIGNALS
extern const char bc_sig_msg[];
#endif // BC_ENABLE_SIGNALS
extern const char* const bc_parse_const1;
extern const uint8_t bc_parse_exprs[];
extern const uchar bc_parse_ops[];
extern const BcParseNext bc_parse_next_expr;
extern const BcParseNext bc_parse_next_param;
extern const BcParseNext bc_parse_next_print;
extern const BcParseNext bc_parse_next_rel;
extern const BcParseNext bc_parse_next_elem;
extern const BcParseNext bc_parse_next_for;
extern const BcParseNext bc_parse_next_read;
#endif // BC_ENABLED
#endif // BC_BC_H